VERTICAL GINGER FARMING
Ginger is cultivated in all tropical and subtropical countries of the world, most of its production is in India. India produces about 30 per cent to 40 per cent of world production. India is widely cultivated in States like Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh, Orissa, Meghalaya, West Bengal and cultivated in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
What is vertical farming ?
Vertical farming is a way of farming on vertical surfaces or on stacks, rather than normally on field. it is the practice of growing crops in vertically stacked layers. This modern idea uses indoor farming techniques. Artificial control of temperature, light, humidity and gases makes it possible for foods and medicine to grow indoor.
Vertical farming is almost similar to greenhouses. The primary goal of vertical farming is to produce more food per square meter.
Farming method –
Which variety is good for vertical farming ?
– Select a variety with less crop duration and higher yield.
– IISR , Rio de Janeiro , IISR Mahima , IISR Regitha , Nadia
– Do seed treatment before sowing for higher and good quality yield.
Ginger is grown in all types of soil, but best grow in well drained sandy or clay loan soil. choose the land by at least 30 cm deep in the soil is necessary. For Ginger farming the pH should be range between 6 to 6.5
Ginger grows well in medium temperature regions and humid condition. Ginger are cultivated 1500 meters above sea level. Diverse tropical condition is best suited to Ginger farming.
Temperature – 12 to 35℃
Rainfall – 1500 mm
PROPAGATION METHOD OF GINGER –
There are two methods of Ginger propagation-
1. Direct seed sowing – For direct seed showing we need 600 -1000 kg per Acer seeds. Seed with weight of 20 to 40 gm can be sown.
2. Seedling transplanting – Sowing time for seedling is May to July. Seedling transplant is better then direct seed sowing. Farmers get disease free seedling that is profitable for them. Seed rate for this is 200 to 300 kg per Acer. So we see that their is less use of seed that is also make profit for farmers.
In this method ginger are sowing in trays or trough.
In trough ginger grow in 2 paired line.
The distance from row to row is 45 cm
We take a gap of 15 cm in plant to plant gaping.
Trough size – 24 meter × 60 cm × 30 cm ( L×W×H)
Fresh crop – 311 to 421 tons
Dry crop – 62 to 84 tons
Thanks for reading. Jai Hind Jai Kisan !